Models of Animal Welfare
Well we learn something new each day, there is a new model which has been out for a while but I hadn’t come across it before today. This is why it is important to keep reading and studying and not get stuck in the past with outdated information.
The original model for animal welfare was the Five Freedoms.
• Freedom from hunger and thirst.
• Freedom from discomfort
• Freedom from pain, injury and disease
• Freedom to express normal behaviour
• Freedom from fear and distress
The Five Domains Model
• Nutrition: Provide ready access to fresh water and a diet to maintain full health and vigor.
• Environment: Provide an appropriate environment including shelter and a comfortable resting area.
• Health: Prevent or rapidly diagnose and treat injury and disease.
• Behavior: Provide sufficient space, proper facilities, and the company of the animal’s own kind.
• Mental experiences: Ensure conditions and treatment that avoid mental suffering.
“The Model is not intended to be an accurate representation of body structure and function. Rather, it is a focusing device designed to facilitate assessment of animal welfare in a systematic, structured, comprehensive and coherent manner. The purpose of each of the five domains is to draw attention to areas that are relevant to welfare assessments. The Model therefore facilitates identification of internal physical/functional states and external circumstances that give rise to negative and/or positive subjective mental experiences (affects) that have animal welfare significance. As the body functions as a dynamically integrated whole entity, the specific body functions or states, external circumstances and related affective experiences identified via the Model inevitably interact. Accordingly, there may be overlap between factors considered within different domains. However, awareness of the potential for this avoids problems when using the Model, as illustrated below (see Section 2.3 and Section 3 ).”
Quote form the paper referenced below.
The reasons for this model are explained in the paper by David Mellor
This article explains it a little more simply.